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Chronology of Rock ‘n Roll
It is reported that several definitive Theosophical texts were
included in a personal library that Elvis took on tour.
To the British public, Rock ‘n Roll began in 1954 with the release of Rock Around the Clock by Bill Haley and His Comets.
The term Rock ‘n Roll and the musical style
had been around in the
Rock ‘n Roll had been a popular term, for decades, in Black American Culture to refer to dancing or sex and had been used in many songs.
Prior to the late 1940s the term used to denote music by black American artists for black audiences was Race Music. The record industry introduced the less emotive term Rhythm ‘n Blues as a marketing ploy to sell black music to white audiences.
The term Rhythm ‘n Blues has run side by side with Rock ‘n Roll since that time.
In 1951 Disc Jockey Alan Free used to term Rock ‘n Roll to refer specifically to music when he started his radio show “Moondog Rock 'n Roll Party” which played black music for a white teenage audience.
Bill Haley and His Comets
The term Rock ‘n Roll became mainstream with Bill Haley and His Comets in 1954 but the style he adopted was very close to that of Louis Jordan who had been playing in that style for a over a decade. Bill Haley’s popularity burnt out after a couple of years, although he had several revivals up to 1974, and Rock ‘n Roll was carried forward by Elvis Presley, Little Richard and others.
Adolph Rickenbacker invents the electric guitar.
Billboard puts out its first record sales chart in 1936.
Bluesman Robert Johnson records his first record.
and Joe Turner cut their first boogie records in
boogie woogie in
Telefunken helps develop magnetic tape for use with tape recorders.
John Hammond's 'Spirituals to Swing' concert in NYC
Saxophonist Louis Jordan leaves Chick Webb's sax section to form his Tympany Five. This might well mark the beginnings of what we know as Rock and Roll.
Leo Mintz founds a record store in Cleveland, the "Record Rendezvous", specializing in black music. This was a revolutionary and bold step in selling black music to white customers
Louis Jordan launches "jump blues" (rhythm and blues) with "Choo Choo Ch'Boogie "
is founded in
Les Paul invents "echo delay", "multi-tracking" and many other studio techniques
assembles a combo for "
Jules Bihari founds Modern Records in Los Angeles, specializing in black music
cuts the first records of
Carl Hogan plays a powerful guitar riff on Louis Jordan's "Ain't That Just Like a Woman"
Lew Chudd founds Imperial Records in Los Angeles, specializing in black music
Records is founded by Art Rupe in
Billboard writer Jerry Wexler invents the term "rhythm and blues" for electric blues
writes and cuts "Good Rockin' Tonight" in
is founded in
Ahmet Ertegun founds Atlantic Records in New York to promote black music at the border between jazz, rhythm and blues and pop
John Lee Hooker records Boogie "Chillen'" for Modern Records, a a single, which topped the
R&B charts in 1949.
Columbia introduces the 12-inch 33-1/3 RPM long-playing vinyl record
Homer Dudley invents the Vocoder (Voice Operated recorder)
Memphis' radio station WDIA hires Nat Williams, the first black disc jockey
The magazine Billboard introduces charts for "hillbilly" and "race" records
Fats Domino cuts "The Fat Man," a new kind of boogie.
Hank Williams' "Lovesick Blues" reaches the top of the country charts.
Scatman Crothers cuts "I Want To Rock And Roll" (1949), with Wild Bill Moore on saxophone.
RCA Victor introduces the 45 RPM vinyl record.
Todd Storz of the KOWH radio station starts the Top 40 radio program.
The Billboard chart for "race" records becomes the chart for "rhythm and blues" records.
Aristocrat changes its name to Chess.
Dewey Phillips (white) deejays race music show 'Red Hot and Blue' in Memphis (Delta blues, Chicago blues, boogie).
The white Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed decides to speculate on the success of LeoMintz's store and starts a radio program, Moondog Rock'n'Roll Party, that broadcasts black music to an audience of white teenagers.
The first rock and roll record, Ike Turner's Rocket 88, is released.
The first juke-box that plays 45 RPM records is introduced
Howling Wolf and Joe Turner popularize the "shouters"
Gunter Lee Carr cuts the dance novelty "We're Gonna Rock ".
Bill Haley Saddlemen become the Comets.
Bob Horn's Bandstand TV program airs from Philadelphia every weekday afternoon.
The Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed (aka Moondog) organizes the first rock and rollconcert, the Moondog Coronation Ball
Les Paul invents the first solid-body electric guitar, named the 'Les Paul', for the Gibson Guitar Company.
Sam Phillips founds Sun Records and declares "If I could find a white man who sings withthe Negro feel, I'll make a million dollars".
Charles Brown's "Hard Times" is the first hit by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller to enter the charts.
Little Richard's first records released.
Bill Haley's "Crazy Man Crazy" is the first rock and roll song to enter the Billboard charts
The Orioles' "Crying in the Chapel" is the first black hit to top the white pop charts
Leo Fender invents the Stratocaster guitar
Sam Phillips records the first Elvis Presley record in his Sun studio of Memphis using tworecorders to produce an effect of "slapback" audio delay
The black market constitutes 5.7% of the total American market for records
Vee-Jay Records is founded in Indiana, is owned by James and Vivian Bracken, specializing in black music
Elvis Presley makes his first (private) recordings
Boom of Doo Wop
Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock" is the first rock song used in a movie soundtrack
The record companies switch from 78 RPMs to 45 RPMs
Japanese electronic company TTK (later Sony) introduces the world's first transistor radio
Ray Charles forms his band
In 1954, Big Joe Turner recorded the original version of the 1950s hit, Shake, Rattle and Roll.
Johnny Cash forms the Tennessee Two with Luther Perkins and Marshall Grant
Chuck Berry cuts his first rock and roll records, the first ones to have the guitar as the maininstrument, and invents the descending pentatonic double-stops (the essence of rock guitar)
Bo Diddley invents the "hambone" rhythm
The Chordettes and the Chantels are the first girl-groups
Ray Charles creates "soul" music with "I Got A Woman," a secular adaptation of an oldgospel
Ace Records is formed by Johnny Vincent in New Orleans, specializing in black music
The Blackboard Jungle is released featuring Bill Haley and His Comets "(We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock"
RCA signs Elvis Presley
The Everly Brothers make their first studio recordings
Alan Freed's Rock 'n' Roll Ball" draws huge, half-white audience
Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
Sales of 45 rpm records finally outsold 78s.
Colonel Tom Parker signed on as Elvis Presley’s manager
Heartbreak Hotel starts Presley-mania
Presley's first film, Love Me Tender
The rock 'n' roll music of white rockers is called "rockabilly" (rock + hillbilly)
Screamin Jay Hawkins' "I Put A Spell On You" introduces voodoo into Rock'n Roll
Wanda Jackson is the "Queen of Rockabilly"
The popularity of rock and roll causes the record industry to boom and allows independentlabels to flourish
In impromptu recording session occurs at Sun Studios with the million dollar quartet consisting of Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Elvis Presley and Johnny Cash
Elektra pioneers the "compilation" record, containing songs by different musicians
Buddy Holly had his first official recording session in 1956. It was held in Nashville at producer
Owen Bradley’s, Barn Studio.
Brenda Lee signs a recording contract at the age of 11, after five years of singing professionally
Gene Vincent made his first appearance on national TV by performing on The Perry Como Show
American Bandstand first aired on nationwide TV
Chuck Berry releases "School Day" and "Rock and Roll Music"
Golden Age of the teen-idols
Link Wray's Rumble invents the "fuzz-tone" guitar sound
Buddy Holly recorded, That’ll Be the Day, at a Norman Petty's New Mexico studio.
Billboard begins the Hot 100 singles chart
Buddy Holly and Sam Cooke made their first appearances on the same The Ed SullivanShow
Elvis is drafted into the Army
Carl Perkins left Sun Records in 1958,becoming the first big rockabilly artist on the Columbia label.
Golden age of instrumental rock
Eddie Cochran overdubs all instruments and vocals on "Summertime Blues" and "C'mon Everybody "
Lowman Pauling invents guitar distortion and feedback on the Five Royales' "The Slummer"
RCA introduces the first stereo long-playing records
Don Kirshner opens offices at the Brill Building
David Seville's "The Witch Doctor" and the Tokens' "Tonite I Fell In Love" are the firstnovelty hits
Bobby Freeman's "Do You Wanna Dance" begins the "dance craze"
Stax Records is founded in Memphis to promote black music
Little Richard quit rock and roll in 1958 to attend Bible college.
Dion and The Belmonts and Laurie Records both had their first hit when the band’s, "I Wonder Why," made the Top 40
Jerry Lee Lewis had 34 of his 37 concert dates in the U.K. cancelled in 1958 when it wasdiscovered that his new bride with him was also his 13 year old cousin.
Buddy Holly makes his final studio recordings " It Doesn’t Matter Any More," "Moondreams," " Raining
In My Heart" and "True Love Ways"
The Dick Clark Show TV Show began
Rick Hall founds the FAME studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama
The Drifters' "There Goes My Baby" introduces Latin rhythm to pop music Berry Gordy founds Tamla-Motown in Detroit to release pop-oriented soul records
600 million records are sold in the USA
Buddy Holly dies at 22 in a plane crash
Since 1955, the US market share of the four "majors" has dropped from 78% to 44%,while the market share of independent record companies increased from 22% to 56%
Since 1955, the US market has increased from 213 million dollars to 603 million, and the market share of rock and roll has increased from 15.7% to 42.7%
Elvis appears on the Ed Sullivan Show following his release from the Army.
Twist is the biggest dance-craze in the year of the dance-crazes
Larry Parnes, Britain's most famous impresario, arranges a show for the Silver Beetles in Liverpool
Sam Cooke signed with RCA Records in 1960, bringing his hits on Keen Records with him
The Shirelles' "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" coins a form of romantic multi-part vocal harmonies
The British producer Joe Meek uses the recording studio like an instrument for "I Hear a New World "
Eddie Cochran dies at 22
Ray Charles has his first Number 1 hit "Georgia On My Mind "
Dick Dale uses the term "surfing" to describe his instrumental rock and roll Stax begins to produce soul records in Memphis
The Peppermint Lounge opens in New York
Roy Orbison has his first number #1 hit, "Running Scared"
Phil Spector and partner Lester Sill released the "Oh Yeah Maybe Baby" on their new label Philles
The Supremes first recordings are released.
James Brown record his famous Live At the Apollo album
Surf music rules the airwaves
Little Stevie Wonder recorded his first Number 1 hit, "Fingertips – Pt. 2,"
Alan Freed, the man who gave rock ‘n’ roll its name, dies at the early age of 43
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